## Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Grade(s) 1 resources related to the following standard:
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction.
3. Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract. Examples: If 8 + 3 = 11 is known, then 3 + 8 = 11 is also known. (Commutative property of addition.) To add 2 + 6 + 4, the second two numbers can be added to make a ten, so 2 + 6 + 4 = 2 + 10 = 12. (Associative property of addition.)

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This interactive applet gives students practice with addition and subtraction of whole numbers and integers. Users drag the given number arrows onto a number line and choose whether to add or subtract them in order to arrive at the given target number. After all arrows are placed in a correct arrangement, a user drags numbers and operations signs to create a number sentence (equation) that represents the arrow sequence.
Activity, Game, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
This activity helps children become more familiar with horizontal and vertical number lines (0 through 10) and how to use them for addition. It can be used to introduce subtraction as the inverse of addition and the use of an unknown number. The Teachers' Notes page offers rationale, suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support, printable number lines (pdf), and a link to a related game, Incey Wincey Spider (catalogued separately).
Activity
This interactive applet contains four puzzles which develop fluency with addition facts and foster logical reasoning. Each puzzle provides a shape with blanks along its sides and diagonals. The user must fill in the blanks with the numbers provided to reach the same target sum along each side/diagonal.
Activity, Game, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
This article focuses on the role and techniques of effective ("distributed") practice that leads to full and fluent mastery of mental mathematics as well as conceptual growth around properties of arithmetic. It lists the essential mental math skills needed for fluent computation at grades 1, 2, and 3. The article describes a number of strategies for developing mental skills and links to pages with more details on others (some not yet complete). While this article refers to the Think Math! curriculum published by EDC, the methods generalize to any program. The Fact of the Day technique and a related video are cataloged separately.
Activity, Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article
Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Resource is part of a PD collection
In this lesson, students will play the roles of banker and consumers as they learn how to use different combinations of coins to make money amounts up to 25 cents. Students will earn money and save it in their piggy banks until they have the exact amount to purchase an item of their choice. Suggestions for questions and assessment options are included.
Lesson Plans
Grade Level: Pre-K, K, 1, 2
This interactive activity helps a user understand that one concept of subtraction is finding a missing addend. In each scenario, there is a given number of animals and some of them leave or hide, and the student must select the number from four choices that are missing based on knowing how many animals are still there. If a correct response is given, then the family of facts are provided and if an incorrect response is made, there is positive instructional feedback provided.
Activity, Interactive Media