## Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Grade(s) 1 resources related to the following standard:
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction.
4. Understand subtraction as an unknown-addend problem. For example, subtract 10 — 8 by finding the number that makes 10 when added to 8.

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This 2-part video (total time 18 minutes) demonstrates a developmental approach to helping students understand and solve word problems. Students in grades 1, 3 and 5 were taped discussing headline stories, their understanding of the context and the math content in the problems. The video illuminates the article "Headline stories," cataloged separately.
Activity, Instructional Strategy, Video
Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
The activities in this 6-lesson unit use fish-shaped crackers to help students develop their understanding of comparative subtraction by exploring five meanings of subtraction (counting, sets, number line, balance, and inverse of addition). Students investigate properties of subtraction, represent subtraction with objects and pictures, record subtraction with vertical notation and equations, create and solve problems, and carry out missing addend activities. Lessons include questions for student discussion and teacher reflection, extensions, printable student sheets, assessment options, and links to online applets.
Activity, Game, Instructional Strategy, Lesson Plans, Unit of Instruction
This interactive Flash applet helps students develop number sense and fluency with addition and subtraction facts within 10. Okta hides some bubbles under a shell, and then either adds more bubbles or takes some away. Students determine how many bubbles are left under the shell. Users can choose a specific one-digit starting number or let the applet choose randomly. Users can select addition, subtraction or both.
Activity, Interactive Media
This webpage offers a variety of games which develop strategic thinking, analytical skills, and basic number skills. Three pdfs provide instructions and materials for sets of games played on reusable boards, on consumable sheets, and with number cards. The only other materials required are counters/chips, dice, and pens/pencils. The site also includes instructions for games that require only counters or paper and pencil. A short article describes the rationale for using such games in the classroom and offers suggestions for organizing and managing games and for maximizing their benefits.
Activity, Game, Instructional Strategy, Instructor Guide/Manual
Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
In this unit plan, primary learners explore the five models of subtraction (counting, sets, number line, balanced equations, and inverse of addition) using concrete (links), pictorial, and verbal representations to develop an understanding of symbolic notations. Students also investigate fact families, including those where one addend is 0 and where the addends are alike and also learn that the order (commutative) property) does not hold for subtraction. A brief bibliography of related books for children is provided. Instead of using hands on manipulatives and balances, links to Java applets: Pan Balance-Shapes and Pan Balance-Numbers ( both cataloged separately) are included. Instructional plan, questions for the students, assessment options, extensions,and teacher reflections are given for each lesson as well as links to down load all student resources.
Activity, Interactive Media, Lesson Plans, Unit of Instruction
In this 6-lesson unit students use pasta shapes to explore the take away model of subtraction in several different contexts (counting, sets, number line, balanced equations, and inverse of addition). They decompose numbers, explore the zero property, act out subtraction situations with objects and pictures, record differences with vertical and in horizontal notation, create fact families, find differences with a calculator, and compose and solve problems involving subtraction. The lessons include student activity sheets (pdf), questions for student discussion and teacher reflection, assessment options, and links to online applets.
Activity, Game, Lesson Plans, Unit of Instruction
This document provides descriptions and examples of what each Mathematics Common Core standard means a Grade One student will know, understand and be able to do. This "unpacking" of the standards provides instructional guidelines and was developed to assist North Carolina educators teach the Mathematics Common Core (Standard Course of Study).
Reference Materials