## Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Grade(s) 1 resources related to the following standard:
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
6. Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13 — 4 = 13 — 3 — 1 = 10 — 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows 12 — 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13).

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This interactive Flash applet provides a customizable set of dominoes that users can manipulate to play games or solve puzzles. It can be used with an interactive whiteboard to facilitate group work. Users can determine the size of a set (up to double-9), remove individual dominoes, rotate and move them, and change their size. The Teachers' Notes page includes a link to page containing domino games and challenges (cataloged separately).
Interactive Media
Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
This narrative document describes the progression of Counting and Cardinality and Operations and Algebraic Thinking across the K-5 grade band. It is informed both by research on children's cognitive development and by the logical structure of mathematics. The document discusses the most important goals for elementary students that of understanding and using numbers. The focus is on the basic operations—the kinds of quantitative relationships they model and consequently the kinds of problems they can be used to solve as well as their mathematical properties and relationships.
Reference Materials, Article
Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
In this problem students practice basic addition and subtraction skills along with logical reasoning to satisfy three interdependent conditions. Solvers use the clues provided to determine the number of eggs in each of three baskets. The Teachers' Notes page offers rationale, suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support, a PowerPoint presentation, and vocabulary cards (pdf).
Activity
This series of activities can be used to introduce number sequences and patterns and to reinforce parity (even and odd numbers) and its application in addition. The resources are intended for use on an interactive whiteboard but may also be used individually or in small groups. They can be accessed online or downloaded (zip) to a local computer. The pack includes teacher notes, background information on the content, and a student worksheet.
Activity, Interactive Media, Lesson Plans
This article proposes a structured set of lively, brief, daily exercises designed to help children master number facts and mental math skills. Each day's practice focuses on a small, highly focused, manageable, and strategically selected set of facts or skills that builds directly on the previous days' learning. Related resources (Practice and videos) are cataloged separately.
Activity, Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article
Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Resource is part of a PD collection
This Tetris-like interactive game develops estimation fluency with addition and subtraction. Users choose either operation, or a combination of both, and a difficulty range (0-20, 0-200, 0-2000). Sums and/or differences drop from the top of the field, and players use arrow keys to indicate whether they belong below or above the center of the range, or exactly on it. Created in The Netherlands, the applet contains a few Dutch words, but students will quickly figure out their meanings.
Activity, Game, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
This problem with multiple solutions provides an opportunity for students to practice subtraction while developing logical thinking and systematic record-keeping strategies. Given a pyramid of six circles, solvers are challenged to arrange the numbers 1 - 6 so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it. Children may use pencil and paper or the interactive Flash applet provided. The Teachers' Notes page offers suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support, work sheets (pdf), and a link to a more challenging version.
Activity, Interactive Media