Resources and Tools for Elementary Math Specialists and Teachers

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Grade(s) 4 resources related to the following standard:
Number and Operations—Fractions
Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering.
2. Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g., by creating common denominators or numerators, or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as 1/2. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model.

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In this online game students must identify which fractions fit the inequality shown. Fractions range from proper to improper fractions and from positive to negative values. Each round of the game is 30 seconds long and keeps track of student's score.
Game, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 5, 6+
0
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This article explains several strategies for comparing fractions. It includes a Java applet that displays three fractions in a row for practice with these strategies. Modify the numerator or denominator of the middle one by clicking just to the left (decrease) or right (increase) of its center line so that it forms a valid inequality: either equal to or greater than the fraction to its left, and either equal to or less than the one to its right. The applet includes buttons to "Use common denominator" and "simplify."
Instructional Strategy, Interactive Media, Reference Materials, Article
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+
0
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In this interactive game from NCTM's Calculation Nation, players try to create fractions that are either larger or smaller than their opponents' fractions. Each player begins with twelve cards and can only use them once in each round of play. Players can play against another player or against the computer. A fraction bar chart is available to help students compare fractions.
Activity, Game, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
0
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In this lesson plan students use fraction bars to explore and compare the sizes of fractions. The lesson includes an activity sheet, answer key, guiding questions and prompts, assessment options and extensions, and a link to Fraction Feud, an interactive game (cataloged separately and listed as a related resource).
Assessment, Activity, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
0
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This FAQ page from the Teacher2Teacher service at The Math Forum @ Drexel contains many suggestions for learning about fractions. It includes ideas contributed by T2T Associates and teacher participants. There are links to Ask Dr. Math resources, children's literature connections, and outside websites with related resources.
Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Community
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+
0
(0 Comments)
This interactive Flash applet gives students practice in ordering fractions and matching equivalent fractions. Each round displays a 0-1 number line with increments of a specific denominator labeled. Monkeys holding fraction cards appear one at a time; users hang them on rings on the number line to match the labeled fractions, or their equivalents. Denominators increase through each successive round and range from 1/4s to 1/16s. Versions for iPad and iPhone are available in the iTunes AppStore.
Activity, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
0
(0 Comments)
Using this interactive fraction number line, students can identify and locate equivalent fractions as well as compare fractions. They can move the mouse to the left or right and "mark" fractions on the number line. A section called "Which is Larger?" provides examples of fraction pairs to compare.
Activity, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
0
(0 Comments)
This lesson fosters a student's conceptual fraction sense with proper fractions, improper fractions, and mixed numbers by placing thirty fraction cards in order between given whole numbers on a number line clothesline. Users will visually identify that all proper fractions are grouped between zero and one, and that improper fractions or mixed numbers are all grouped above one. Users also play an estimation game with groups using the same principle. Instructional plan, questions for the students, assessment options, extensions, and teacher reflections are given.
Activity, Lesson Plans
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+
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(3 Comments)
This interactive Flash applet can be used to compare and explore equivalence among fractions, decimals and percentages. It allows a child or teacher to represent fractions on one or more fraction strips, and to color individual parts. Each displayed strip can be labelled as a fraction, a decimal (to three decimal places) or a percentage; the ratio of yellow to green parts of each strip can also be displayed. It lends itself well to use with an interactive white board. A pdf guide to this collection of teaching applets is cataloged separately.
Activity, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+
0
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In this collection of 13 interactive Flash applets learners can check their understanding of various fraction concepts, including comparison to 1/2, location on the number line, equivalent fractions, and simplest form. Activities for the learners include sorting, labeling, constructing diagrams, and converting improper fractions. Displays are suitable for classroom demonstrations.
Activity, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
0
(0 Comments)