 ## Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Grade(s) 5 resources related to the following standard:
Number and Operations—Fractions
Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions.
2. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers. For example, recognize an incorrect result 2/5 + 1/2 = 3/7, by observing that 3/7 < 1/2.

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This document provides descriptions and examples of what each Mathematics Common Core standard means a Grade Five student will know, understand and be able to do. This "unpacking" of the standards provides instructional guidelines and was developed to assist North Carolina educators teach the Mathematics Common Core (Standard Course of Study).
Reference Materials
Grade Level: 5
(0 Comments)
This progressions document from the Common Core Standards Writing team explains how fractions are incorporated in the standards from third grade through fifth grade. Each grade level includes an explanation, important vocabulary, and illustrations.
Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
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This 88-page document addresses the meaning of the Common Core State Standards for teaching fractions in grades 3-7. For each grade level the specific standards that are addressed are listed, followed by a detailed explanation of what the standards mean, including visual models, and any misconceptions teachers or students might have about how specific standards apply to fractions in the CCSS.
Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+
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This 8-page article (PDF) details the errors and misconceptions that students may have with fraction computation. The article emphasizes the importance of putting fraction problems in a real world context in order to deepen understanding of fractions and operations with fractions. By anticipating potential errors and misconceptions, teachers can help students avoid misunderstandings that might arise from these models and contexts.
Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article
Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+
(0 Comments)
Thinking Blocks is an interactive Flash tool for modeling and solving math problems visually. Students represent quantities and relationships by placing blocks and braces on a work space and using the tools to resize and label them accordingly. Users can change the color of blocks, move them, copy them, divide them into equal parts, and separate them. A pencil tool and keyboard are also available. The site includes video tutorials demonstrating how to use the tool and how to model a wide variety of problem types. It also contains a bank of hundreds of word problems.
Activity, Interactive Media, Problem Set, Tools, Video
Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+
(3 Comments)
This iOS app gives students an opportunity to visually model and calculate six different types of fraction applications, all in the context of solving word problems. Types of problems include finding a fraction of a number, using a known part to find the whole or another part, and problems using the four operations. Teachers can track a student's progress throughout the problem sets. An online version of this application is cataloged separately as a related resource.
Interactive Media, Mobile App, Problem Set, Video
Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+
(0 Comments)
This interactive Flash activity gives students an opportunity to visually model and calculate six different types of fraction applications, all in the context of solving word problems. Types of problems include finding a fraction of a number, using a known part to find the whole or other part, and problems using the four operations. A video demonstration introduces the method, and then students work on problems. Teachers can track a student's progress throughout the problem sets.
Activity, Interactive Media, Problem Set, Video
Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+ Resource is part of a PD collection
(3 Comments)
In this 6-minute video Keith Phelps shows a lesson in which he has his fourth grade students decompose fractions to show one and a half in multiple ways. Students are given a variety of fraction tiles to complete this activity and are asked to build it, draw it, and write a number sentence for their solution. In addition to the video a transcript is provided.
Activity, Video
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
(0 Comments)