Resources and Tools for Elementary Math Specialists and Teachers

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Grade(s) 5 resources related to the following standard:
Number and Operations—Fractions
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.
4. Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.
a. Interpret the product (a/b) × q as a parts of a partition of q into b equal parts; equivalently, as the result of a sequence of operations a × q ÷ b. For example, use a visual fraction model to show (2/3) × 4 = 8/3, and create a story context for this equation. Do the same with (2/3) × (4/5) = 8/15. (In general, (a/b) × (c/d) = ac/bd.)

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This problem, based on the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears, provides a context for children to apply ratio and proportion concepts as well as fraction computation skills. Using the given size relationships among the bears, solvers determine the sizes of various objects in the bears' house. The Teachers' Notes page offers suggestions for implementation, key questions, ideas for extension and support, a printable pdf of the problem, and links to related problems.
Activity
Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+
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This progressions document from the Common Core Standards Writing team explains how fractions are incorporated in the standards from third grade through fifth grade. Each grade level includes an explanation, important vocabulary, and illustrations.
Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5
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These videos focus on specific standards and include examples/illustrations geared to clarify the meaning of the individual standard rather than to be a guide on how to teach it. There is an introductory video for the collection; the videos are organized by grade level and can be downloaded as well as viewed online.
Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Video
Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
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This 88-page document addresses the meaning of the Common Core State Standards for teaching fractions in grades 3-7. For each grade level the specific standards that are addressed are listed, followed by a detailed explanation of what the standards mean, including visual models, and any misconceptions teachers or students might have about how specific standards apply to fractions in the CCSS.
Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+
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In this 7-minute video Dr. David C. Geary describes how to build students' understanding of the concepts behind the operations with fractions. He identifies the reasoning behind several student misconceptions and urges teachers to use these misconceptions to build conceptual understanding. A transcript of the video is available in PDF format.
Video
Grade Level: 4, 5
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