Number and Operations—Fractions

Build fractions from unit fractions by applying and extending previous understandings of operations on whole numbers.

3. Understand a fraction a/b with a > 1 as a sum of fractions 1/b.

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Resource | Resource Type Grade Level | Rating |
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This progressions document from the Common Core Standards Writing team explains how fractions are incorporated in the standards from third grade through fifth grade. Each grade level includes an explanation, important vocabulary, and illustrations. | Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 | |

This webpage contains sample items and performance tasks from the Smarter Balanced assessment system in mathematics as well as English LA/Literacy. They are intended to help teachers, administrators, and policymakers implementing the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) prepare for next-generation assessments and plan the required shifts in instruction. Sample items and tasks can be viewed by grade band (grades 3-5, 6-8, and high school) or content focus. They showcase the variety of item types, including technology-enhanced items and performance tasks, that will be included in the assessment system. A drop-down tab provides information on each item, including grade level, CCSS alignment, and a scoring rubric for performance tasks. | Assessment, Interactive Media, Problem Set Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This collection of multistep word problems provides problem solving practice for students in grades 3 to 6. Each of the 13 sets contains five problems with step-by-step Flash video solutions. The problems cover basic operations, algebraic reasoning, money, fractions, percent, perimeter, area, proportional reasoning, and measurement. | Demonstration, Problem Set, Video Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

Teachers can use this interactive tool to help students build a conceptual understanding of subtracting fractions with common denominators by linking visual models to procedures. The page includes a video demonstration of the tool. Free registration is required to use the tool. A paid subscription is necessary to access curriculum materials and allow full student use. | Demonstration, Interactive Media, Video Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+ | |

These videos focus on specific standards and include examples/illustrations geared to clarify the meaning of the individual standard rather than to be a guide on how to teach it. There is an introductory video for the collection; the videos are organized by grade level and can be downloaded as well as viewed online. | Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Video Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | |

This 88-page document addresses the meaning of the Common Core State Standards for teaching fractions in grades 3-7. For each grade level the specific standards that are addressed are listed, followed by a detailed explanation of what the standards mean, including visual models, and any misconceptions teachers or students might have about how specific standards apply to fractions in the CCSS. | Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

In this 7-minute video Dr. David C. Geary describes how to build students' understanding of the concepts behind the operations with fractions. He identifies the reasoning behind several student misconceptions and urges teachers to use these misconceptions to build conceptual understanding. A transcript of the video is available in PDF format. | Video Grade Level: 4, 5 | |

This 8-page article (PDF) details the errors and misconceptions that students may have with fraction computation. The article emphasizes the importance of putting fraction problems in a real world context in order to deepen understanding of fractions and operations with fractions. By anticipating potential errors and misconceptions, teachers can help students avoid misunderstandings that might arise from these models and contexts. | Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+ | |

This iOS app gives students an opportunity to visually model and calculate six different types of fraction applications, all in the context of solving word problems. Types of problems include finding a fraction of a number, using a known part to find the whole or another part, and problems using the four operations. Teachers can track a student's progress throughout the problem sets. An online version of this application is cataloged separately as a related resource. | Interactive Media, Mobile App, Problem Set, Video Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+ | |

This interactive Flash activity gives students an opportunity to visually model and calculate six different types of fraction applications, all in the context of solving word problems. Types of problems include finding a fraction of a number, using a known part to find the whole or other part, and problems using the four operations. A video demonstration introduces the method, and then students work on problems. Teachers can track a student's progress throughout the problem sets. | Activity, Interactive Media, Problem Set, Video Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+ Resource is part of a PD collection |