Resources and Tools for Elementary Math Specialists and Teachers
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Children's Mathematical Graphics: Understanding the Key Concept

This brief article discusses the importance of young children creating their own informal graphical representations of their mathematical thinking and problem solving. As distinguished from formal recording of a completed process, these early markings and symbols enable children to develop understanding and make meaning as well as communicate their thinking. The article includes a list of references, including the authors' research on which the article is based.
Contributed by: Millennium Mathematics Project - Publisher, Elizabeth Carruthers - Author, Maulfry Worthington - Author
This resource is included in the following PD Collection(s):
CCSS Practice Standard 4This collection supports teachers as they integrate Practice Standard 4 into their classroom routines. In these articles, videos, and lesson studies, teachers will see strategies that help guide students to use concrete, pictorial, and symbolic representations to describe mathematical situations in everyday life. Additional resources for immediate use in the classroom can be found in a companion classroom collection.
Math TopicMathematical Practices, Mathematical Processes
Grade LevelPre-K, K, 1, 2
Resource TypeReference Materials, Article

  • Additional Information
    • AudienceEducator
    • LanguageEnglish (United Kingdom)
    • Education TopicEducational research, Learning theory
    • Interdisciplinary Connection
    • Professional DevelopmentYes
    • ContributorMillennium Mathematics Project - Publisher, Elizabeth Carruthers - Author, Maulfry Worthington - Author
    • Publication Date2013
    • RightsCopyright (c) 1997 - 2012 University of Cambridge
    • AccessFree access
  • Standards
    • Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

      Select a standards document: